Nursing: Conceptual Framework

Conceptual Framework

The organizing framework contains content related to the domains of Humans, Health and Nursing within the Environment. The learner must attain mastery of each part of the framework to understand the complete curriculum. Concept-based learning concentrates on the understanding of broader principles (concepts). Concepts are organized within each these domains and learning occurs from simple to complex and can be applied to a variety of situations.


Consistent with Humanistic philosophy the Cumberland County College nursing faculty defines the following essential components:

  • Humans: Humans are integrated whole beings, acting with intention and values, possessing the capacity for self-direction and change across the life-span. Through the process of self-direction, change, study of self, motivation, and goals, individuals have the power to become self-actualized.
  • Health: Health is a dynamic, ever changing state of well-being. Health is subjectively defined by individuals and societies based upon cultural/ethnic perceptions, beliefs, and values.
  • Nursing: Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations (ANA 2004). Nursing is a caring collaborative process that respects and values the diversity of human experiences. Nursing promotes health, safety, and alleviates suffering using evidenced based practice, quality improvement, and patient centered care.
  • Environment: The environment consists of individuals, families, communities, societies, and global populations. Humans are in constant reciprocal interaction with a changing environment that consists of both internal and external forces that vary throughout the lifespan. A safe, supportive, collaborative environment fosters empowerment and promotes self-actualization.